phatic - communicate socially rather than for information
Cooperative principle - 4 maxims
temporal relation - order and time of events
Intonation - the variation of tone when speaking
Turning machine Prosody - stress patterns of an utterance
- Body language, facial expression & eye contact, emotion,
intonation, Haptic (by touch), paralanguage.
Eliza - examines users typed comments for keywords
If a keyword is found, rule applied otherwise reply
with generic comment.
Criticisms - inflexible
nonsense in, nonsense out.
Ideasational communication - exchange of proposimains
Turing test - a proposal for a test
of a machines ability to demonstrate
- occurs between human and machine
- if human cannot tell id machine, test passed
Ambiguity: Transforms one representation into
Elipsis - a lot is left out & must be supplied
Theory of mind - Difficulty understanding anthers
Central coherence - focus on local information & details
EfE - focus to detail
Intersubjectivity - share same 'protocol'
- Assertion - stereotyping
- Slander - Bandwagon (party, cause, movement)
- opinion as fact
- Card stacking (only presents positive info.)
- lesser of two evils
Ambiguity - anything that can be interpreted in more
than one way.
To think about - source of ambiguity
Types - sense, categorical, structural, scope, phonetic.
Sense - word with more than one meaning
Categorical - word being of more than one category
Structural - more than one syntactic analysis.
Scope - relative semantic scope //illegible// which can have truth conditional effect
Phonetic - too, to; two
- new day - nude eh?
Jokes - ambiguity - trades on multiple interpretations
- violates expectations
- pray on assumptions
Sense - I left my work at home. vs 'do a left'
Categorial - when a word form can be assigned more than one category
Scope - 'Everyman loves a woman' -
Structural - gramar
Phonetic - recognise speech - wreck a nice beach
Cooperative principle describes how people interact
with how people with one another. It incorporates
four maxims. The principles can be divided into
Quality - Speak only what you know to be
truthful. Speak only that what you have
Quantity - Do not give more information than is required.
Relevence - make sure your contribution is relevant to
Manner - Avoid ambiguity
Be clear and concise
Appendix notes - Appendix does not represent meaning
conveyed by indirect speech because it can
only computes represent syntactic structure.
Designed to compute ideational aspects of